ASCS does not claim to have authored these past papers, and in no way are they assuring their quality. ASCS is therefore not responsible for any misuse of these past papers, as they are only intended as extra material which may be referred to if required. These past papers are a useful study resource meant to supplement the content provided during lectures, yet they are in no way intended to replace lecture notes or lecturer’s guidance. It is imperative to note that there may have been changes in some study-units, syllabi, and methods of examination over the years, rendering sections of these past examination papers outdated. If any further information or assistance is required, feel free to contact us on or